Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

New research and debate regarding Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) pops up in scientific circles as well as pop psychology on a regular basis, and it can be difficult to determine which information paints a true picture of this complex disorder.

The disorder first emerged in 1902 as identified as ‘an abnormal defect of moral control in children’ , inheriting the name Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder. The name was adapted in 1960 to Attention Deficit Disorder with two subtypes: With hyperactivity and without hyperactivity. New research has identified that it is possible to further tease out the elements of the disorder – as such, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was born, with three identifying subtypes: Predominantly hyperactive ADHD, predominantly inattentive ADHD, and combined type ADHD. 

Some of the symptoms associated with the subtypes can be found below. All children will experience these symptoms from time to time, however, ADHD presents with symptoms that are present in two settings (i.e., home AND school), interfere with or reduce the quality of social or academic functioning, are inconsistent with the child’s development level, have persisted for more than 6 months, would have been recognised before the age of 12 years of age, and are not as a result of oppostional behaviour, defiance, hostility or failure to understand instructions.

 

 

Below you will find some interesting links, for some holiday reading! You will find that many of these links come from ADDitude or CHADD, two of my favourite ADHD websites that offer positive, solution-focused and often alternative approaches to ADHD. I will continue to post new resources on our website as they pop up.

 

Please don’t hesitate to contact me to chat further. If you are a Pinterest fan, you can also follow further resources on my ADHD Board on Pinterest, where I have been collecting resources for several years. 

Regards,

Casey

canley@bishops.org.za  

Educational Psychologist at the BSU